Blood Diamonds and Non-State Actors

The Kimberley Process did not end the major diamond wars, but it entirely changed the way the trade in rough diamonds was managed and reported. It made large transactions in illicit stones more difficult, and the very fact of the KP negotiations helped to starve rebel armies of weapons and ammunition. The KP was the creation of many dedicated people in government, industry, and civil society, but it was civil society that raised the alarm, conducted most of the research, created and sustained the media attention, and held the feet of the reluctant, the cynical, and the criminally inclined to the fire.

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